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ISTQB Advanced Level Test Manager Certification Exam-Sample Paper-Q. 111 to 120

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ISTQB Advanced Level Test Manager Certification Exam-Sample Paper-Q. 111 to 120

Today we have added 70 more Questions to the Questions Bank.

Deep study of the complete set of 140 questions shall be of great help in getting success in ISTQB CTAL Advanced Level Test Manager Exam. All these questions are based upon ISTQB Certified Tester Advanced Level Syllabus V 2007.

Set of 10 Questions (Q. 111 to 120)

Correct Answers to Earlier Q. 101 to 110 are at the end of this page:

Q. 111:

color=#000080 size=2>You are managing the functional system testing effort for a simple e-commerce application that sells books, CDs, and DVDs on the Internet. You are not responsible for testing server-side or data centre behaviours, or any non-functional attributes like performance or usability, though management has encouraged you to report such problems if you see them. Based on your past experience with this organization and their development practices, you know that the requirements specification will be vague and high-level and that your opportunities for early test team involvement will be limited.

Which of the following should be true of your team?

A. You form a team of testers with heavy representation of specialized domain experts such as librarians, music store employees, and video store managers

B. You form a team of testers with heavy representation of specialized technology experts such as performance testers, programmers, and network engineers

C. You form a team of experienced testers with general Internet skills, good motivation, and knowledge of how such systems fail

D. You form a team of testers comprised mostly of low-skip test technicians with two or three test engineers writing detailed test scripts

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Q. 112: You are working as a test manager on a project that is facing hard deadlines for delivery and strict budget limits. On previous projects, quality was seen as much more important than schedule or budget targets, so these constraints are a new experience for your test team. The number of berg reports they have filed which were subsequently deferred is demotivating some of your testers.

How might you best handle the situation?

A. Explain to your team the value of deferred bugs, and the plans for future releases that will fix them

B. Encourage your team to only report bugs they know will be fixed, to avoid slowing down the project

C. Remove the testers who are openly complaining, as they will ultimately de-motivate others

D. Ignore the situation, since tolerating a certain amount of grumbling is part of being a manager

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Scenario:
A surgical operating theatre uses a pump that circulates blood around the body during heart operations when the heart itself is stopped for surgery. The pump is monitored and controlled by a computer system.

A software house, SCC specializes in safety critical systems and has created this system.

It uses the V-Model for software development (with 4 levels of testing – unit, component integration, system, acceptance testing). The nature of the failure is that when the surgeon switches the control over to the artificial pump, the pump occasionally fails to initiate correctly and subsequently may stop during surgery.

You are the test manager.

Q. 113: Which two of the following criteria would you recommend for entry into system testing?

a. 100% product requirements coverage.
b. 100% decision coverage.
c. Signed off system test strategy
d. Signed off technical specification.

A. b and c.
B. a and c.
C. b and d.
D. a and d.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
This question looks at entry criteria into system testing (within the V-model).

a. This is an entry criterion into acceptance testing
b. This is an exit criterion out of unit/integration testing, which would form part of the entry criteria into system testing.c. This can be expected at system testing.
d. This is an entry criterion into integration testing.

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Q. 114: Which two of the following would be the most appropriate test design techniques for use at system testing?

a. Statement testing.
b. Decision table testing.
c. Path testing.
d. State transition testing

A. b and d.
B. a and c.
C. c and d.
D. a and b.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:

a. This is more appropriate at unit and integration testing

b. This is a specification-based technique, suitable for use at system testing.

c. As for a. It should also be borne in mind that path testing , whilst thorough, is difficult to conduct in the real world.

d. This is an entry criterion into system testing.

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A very serious failure has been reported. When the surgeon switches the control over to the artificial pump, the pump occasionally fails to initiate correctly and subsequently may stop during surgery.

Q. 115: Despite the time pressure inherent in the situation described in Scenario 1, which of the following reasons would be the best justification for using inspections in this case?

A. The most formal type of review is always the best choice for such a safety critical system.


B. Inspections allow process improvement which will contribute to future enhancements being implemented more smoothly.


C. The thoroughness of the inspection process provides the best chance of localizing the defect(s) that caused the failure.

D. Inspections allow the team to learn more about the system and consequently this approach reduces the risk of introducing further errors.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
The intention of this question is to steer the candidate away from the questions and answers most often encountered in relation to inspections and force them to apply what they know to the scenario. The scenario and the question direct the candidate to the present situation.

Answer A is that may seem to be obviously true at first sight, but is not a good choice in this case, especially in face of the scenario (inspections are not in use).

Answer B points to some future benefit, which would be of some value but would be of little practical significance in the circumstances described in the scenario.

Answer C is a key benefit of an inspection – to thoroughly review a work-product, which in this case is the paramount need.

Answer D is again about future benefits and therefore less significant than something relating to the current time limited and critical situation.

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Q. 116: Once the defect above has been addressed, which of the following best describes the next steps?

A. Proceed immediately to user acceptance testing to prevent delays in this critical project.

B. Defer user acceptance testing until code changes have been unit tested.

C. Inspect the code before unit testing and then proceed to user acceptance testing.

D. Complete associated unit, system and regression testing before proceeding to acceptance testing.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
The answer to this question does not require significant analysis of the scenario and is a straightforward application of basic testing principles to a safety critical system. Nevertheless the scenario must be taken into account because the nature of the system precludes the less rigorous approaches suggested.

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Scenario:
A supplier of fine teas is upgrading its website. It will use the Rapid Application Development model (RAD). The key improvements required are to improve the usability and performance of the current website.

The development team will comprise three developers and a tester. You are the tester and you are experienced in website testing and iterative development models.

The test basis comprises:

# Story boards which show information flow and page linkages through the site;

# HTML pages developed to date;

# A statement of non-functional requirements.

Q. 117: An incident report template is being created, with the following fields currently added.

# Incident description
# Date on which the incident was raised
# Author of the incident report
# Status of the incident

You have been asked for guidance on which are the key additional fields to include.

Which of the following options would you recommend as the best combination of fields to add?

A. Incident severity, version of the software under test, incident identification.

B. Date to be fixed, incident severity, incident identification.

C. Developer assigned to the fix, version of the software under test, incident identification.

D. Incident severity, version of the software under test, date to be fixed.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
This is a question on the knowledge of the key fields in an incident report.

The answer hinges on recognising that incident severity is a key field (eliminating answer C), incident identification is essential (eliminating answer D), and version of the software under test (when the incident was found) is much more important than date to be fixed, especially in an environment where versions of the software may be changing rapidly.

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Q. 118: Which three of the following would provide the best measures of test progress, in order to determine a likely ‘go-live’ date?

a. Number of tests planned versus number of tests executed.
b. Number of high priority defects outstanding.
c. The team’s timesheets in order to show how much effort has been devoted to testing.
d. Number of tests passed and number failed.
e. Number of defects found in each developer area.
f. The rate at which defects are being found.

A. b, c and d.
B. a, c and e.
C. a, b and f.
D. d, e and f.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
This is a K4 question because it goes beyond selecting ‘ideal’ good measurements and asks the candidate to consider the scenario and the specific requirements in this case.

Options c and e are the most easily spotted distracters; all of the others are plausible. Given that the main aim is to predict a ‘go live’ date we need to know how much testing is still outstanding and what is happening that might affect the rate at which we complete that testing.

Option a tells us how much (planned) testing is still to be done and also enables us to make some estimate of the rate at which we are getting through planned testing. Option b provides a quick view of the status of the system and the amount of work outstanding to bring it to readiness for release. Option d is a useful measure of the product quality in general but is less directly aimed at predicting a release date than option b. Option e is not relevant for answering the immediate question. Option f is a measure of the relative stability of the system at this stage and is therefore very relevant to proposing a release date.

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Q. 119: Which of the following options would be the most significant considerations when designing the test environment?

a. Anticipated number of concurrent users.
b. Anticipated number of website hits.
c. Common browser/ platform variations.
d. The skill of the developers.
e. Test data readiness.

A. a, b and c.
B. b, c and d.
C. a, d and e.
D. b, c and e.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
This question is introduced mainly to provide an example of a test environment question. There is a connection to the scenario, but it does not require significant analysis.

Option a is required because load testing is required; option b is required because reliability testing is needed; option c is required because configuration testing is required; option d is irrelevant in producing good environments; option e is required for testing to commence and setting up test data could be part of the test environment but test data readiness is not a consideration for designing the environment.

Options a, b and c are therefore clearly signalled by the scenario and candidates should be able to eliminate d and e as being peripheral or irrelevant to the scenario.

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Q. 120: Which of the following methods is likely to provide the most accurate estimate for the overall test effort?

A. Using Test Point Analysis on the storyboard ideas.
B. Allocate 30% of the development time to testing.
C. Consult with the developers in order to reach consensus on time required.
D. Check with the deadline from release and work back from this.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
This question needs an understanding of the scenario and the nature of the application. It tests that the candidate has considered the scenario in making a choice.

Option A is incorrect because it requires detailed knowledge of Function Points and this is not inferred in the scenario, also it is only looking at a small part of the system – the story boards.

Option B is unlikely to provide an accurate estimate. .

Option D is incorrect because the estimate should be derived in order to determine the release date, and not the other way around.

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Correct Answers to Earlier Questions - Q.101 to Q 110 are as under:

Question No.

Correct Answer

Q. 101

B

Q. 102

A

Q. 103

B

Q. 104

D

Q. 105

D

Q. 106

B

Q. 107

A

Q. 108

C

Q. 109

D

Q. 110

B

 

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