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ISTQB Advanced Level Test Manager Certification Exam-Sample Paper-Q. 121 to 130

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ISTQB Advanced Level Test Manager Certification Exam-Sample Paper-Q. 121 to 130

Today we have added 70 more Questions to the Questions Bank.

Deep study of the complete set of 140 questions shall be of great help in getting success in ISTQB CTAL Advanced Level Test Manager Exam. All these questions are based upon ISTQB Certified Tester Advanced Level Syllabus V 2007.

Set of 10 Questions (Q. 121 to 130)

Correct Answers to Earlier Q. 111 to 120 are at the end of this page:

Q. 121: Which one of the following represents the best approach to test design?

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A. A detailed scripted approach using a variety of black box techniques to maximise functional coverage.

B. A detailed scripted approach using a variety of white box techniques to ensure there is no redundant code.

C. An Exploratory Testing approach using a variety of functional and non-functional techniques to maximise the value of the team’s experience.

D. An Exploratory Testing approach using a variety of functional and non functional techniques as this will ensure the website is completed quickly.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
This question is tied very clearly to several aspects of the scenario.

In this case option A is interesting but not conclusive, since a detailed scripted approach might not be feasible.

Option B should be eliminated because white box testing would not be a priority in this case.

Option D incorporates an inappropriate reason for selecting the approach since there is no reason to assume that this approach would be quicker than any other.

Option C should be much more attractive because we have plenty of relevant experience available.

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Q. 122: Which of the following reviews would suitable here?

a. Informal walkthrough of all materials they have to ensure the team has a shared understanding.

b. A management review to evaluate the project risk associated with implementing the storyboard.

c. A formal inspection of the storyboard to ensure that the requirements won’t change during the course of the project.

d. A technical review of the html pages by the development team.

e. A walkthrough with the whole team present in which architectural decisions are made quickly.

A. a, b and d.
B. b, c and d.
C. a, b and e.
D. c, d and e.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
This question requires some thought about the nature of review techniques and their potential impact in this situation.

Option a should be attractive as a standard way to use a walkthrough and clearly relevant.

Option b should also be recognised as appropriate,

Option c gives a spurious reason for inspecting, but there would anyway be little value in formally inspecting something which is intended to be open ended and to stimulate ideas.

Option d is plausible and would add value; option e is a plausible review type but used for an inappropriate reason.

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Scenario:
A major retail operation has a purchasing system with a number of distributed purchasing centres. A central Management Information System (MIS) consolidates inventory levels and purchasing needs in order to generate management reports. The purchasing centre site servers upload their data regularly using batch processing. Management reports are prepared from the central MIS database daily.

The number of purchasing centre sites is expected to triple over the next 5 years. The existing system architecture is not coping with the existing load and a major upgrade is planned to increase its capacity to cope with the extra demand. In addition, functional enhancements will be made to the MIS. The upgrade is required as a matter of urgency.

A draft test strategy is in place for the upgrade project.

The project team is using the V model with 4 levels of testing: component, component integration, system and user acceptance testing. Each level has a level test plan.

Q. 123: Look at the following list of tools:

a. Incident management tool.
b. Modelling tool.
c. Configuration management tool.
d. Monitoring tool.

Which options would be the most effective combination for use at the system test level for this project?

A. a and c.
B. b and d.
C. b and c.
D. a and d.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
In this question the candidate needs to absorb and apply the information given in the scenario to make a rational choice of tools. In the list of options:

# a is appropriate at system testing
# b would be inappropriate at the system testing level; it is a tool for analysis;
# c is appropriate at all test levels, including system testing
# d could be appropriate at the system level test, but is more useful once the system is in operation

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Q. 124: Which of the following would be included in a test strategy for the upgrade?

a. MIS new functionality testing.
b. MIS regression testing.
c. Functionality of the site servers.
d. Load testing across the network.
e. Testing of the presentation of the management reports.

A. a, b and d.
B. c, d and e.
C. a, b and e.
D. a, d and e.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
This question requires the candidate to recognise the nature of the application and the priorities for testing in the scenario. None of the answers is ‘wrong’ in an absolute sense, but some are certainly more appropriate than others. There is clearly a need to test new MIS functionality and regression test the MIS that would override any other priorities, so options a and b need to be in the answer. This eliminates all but answers A and C. The management reports are not subject to change, and therefore do need to be included in testing of the upgrade.

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Q. 125: Which of the following would be suitable entry criteria for the system testing of the upgrade project?

a. Sign-off of the program specification.
b. No outstanding severity 1 defects from integration testing.
c. Requirements coverage matrix completed.
d. System test design completed and environment ready.

A. a and b.
B. c and d.
C. b and d.
D. a and c.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
a. This is an entry criterion into unit testing

b. This is an exit criterion out of integration testing, which would form part of the entry criteria into system testing

c. This is an exit criterion out of acceptance testing

d. This is an entry criterion into system testing.

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

A decision has been taken to add an extra level of testing – Operational Acceptance Testing (OAT).

Q. 126: Which of the following best describes the effects of this change?

A. There will be no effects.
B. Unit testing can now be reduced due to the extra test level.
C. The overall strategy needs to be changed to take account of the extra test level.
D. More users will be required to participate in user acceptance testing.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
a. This should be a clear distracter!
b. This may be possible, but must be considered as part of the bigger picture.
d. This is unlikely to be a result of introducing an extra level of testing.

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As the time pressure increases towards the end of the project, the Project Manager wishes to negate some of the costs of OAT, by reducing the amount of testing carried out at the system test level.

Q. 127: Which of the following best describes the potential impact of this?

A. Reducing any test levels is always a bad thing and will have some impact on the project.

B. Reducing the system test level will reduce some of the project risk but at the expense of increased product risk.

C. Reducing the system test level is no problem in this instance because we have not found many problems so far.

D. Reducing the system test level is your responsibility as project manager and I do not want to be associated with that decision.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
This is a question related to risk. It is, perhaps, a little too easy to eliminate option A because it is dogmatic, and option D because it reflects an inappropriate attitude. On the other hand, this could be considered a good way to assess that a candidate has actually recognised that the attitudes expressed in options A and D are inappropriate.

Option C is tempting but has an element of ‘hoping for the best’, whereas option B offers clear and sound advice that is balanced. It is not a complete answer in itself but it is the best of the four options and relates to the need to be balanced in advising key stakeholders as well as assessing risk.

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Scenario:
A large financial organisation is upgrading its trading system. The system is used by well over 2000 traders world-wide, who depend on timely and accurate presentation of information. The core functionality of the operating system is being changed, but other parts of the system will remain as before. Applications accessing the core functionality will also remain unchanged. The upgrade project is expected to last three months. Testing will include User Acceptance Testing (UAT) by staff experienced in using different parts of the system. Most systems have evolved over time and are largely undocumented.

Q. 128: Which one of the following options would be a valid testing policy statement for the organisation described in above Scenario?

A. The upgrade project will not use test automation tools.
B. The planned upgrade will be tested using the same testing strategy as the most recent upgrade.
C. All outstanding defects must be addressed within the planned 3 month upgrade project.
D. The Fundamental Test Process must be followed for all projects. 

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
This is a straightforward question, but experience has shown that many candidates answer questions related to test policy incorrectly, so the question provides an opportunity to show what thought process is expected. In this question only option D is at the organisational level and therefore qualifies as a testing policy statement. The others are significant (tactical) decisions for the upgrade project, but not policy issues for the organisation.

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Q. 129: Which of the following would be recommended for the upgrade project?

a. Load and volume testing because of the large number of traders needing to access the system

b. Use of structure-based techniques because too little is known about the functionality of the applications.

c. Exploratory testing because of the lack of specifications, though there is some understanding of the functionality.

d. State transition testing because of the large number of applications to be tested.

A. a and c.
B. a and d.
C. c and d.
D. a and b.

Explanatio
in support of the correct Answer:
This question requires a little analysis and careful thought. In the list of options, a is plausible, b is clearly inappropriate in a system in which even functionality is not well documented, c is a good choice for the same reason, in d, State Transition Testing is not used because of numbers of applications.

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Q. 130: Which of the following is a product risk?

A. Use of new team members with no experience in the new operating system.
B. Significant financial loss if the trading environment is negatively impacted by the upgrade.
C. Some applications may not function properly after the upgrade.
D. The upgrade project may not be completed on time.

Explanation in support of the correct Answer:
Options A, B and D are not product risks.

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Correct Answers to Earlier Questions - Q.111 to Q 120 are as under:

Question No.

Correct Answer

Q. 111

C

Q. 112

A

Q. 113

A

Q. 114

A

Q. 115

C

Q. 116

D

Q. 117

A

Q. 118

C

Q. 119

A

Q. 120

C

 

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