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ISTQB Advanced Test Manager Exam Preparation-Part 9

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ISTQB Advanced Test Manager Exam Preparation (Part 9)

Prior to appearing for exam for ISTQB certification, it is wise to quickly brush up your knowledge by reviewing the following testing related terms that are extremely important from examination point of view.

Part 9 of 12

Q. 81: What is the definition of ISO/IEC 15504 (SPICE)?

The ISO/IEC 15504 is also known as SPICE. Spice stands for Software Process Improvement and Capability determination. It is essentially a framework for assessing software processes. Rather than concerning itself with specific standards, ISO/ISEC 15504 concerns itself with is the capabilities provided by an organisations structure. These structures include its management structure and its process definition structure.

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Q. 82: What is the definition of TMM?

The Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) developed the Testing Maturity Model (TMM) in 1996. The main reason for developing the TMM was that existing maturity models didn’t properly address real testing issues. It was designed to complement the existing CMM. The main purpose of the TMM is to support assessment and improvement drives within an organization. The model comprises of a Maturity Model and an Assessment Model.

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Q. 83: What are the TMM Maturity Levels?

The maturity levels are basically defined levels of maturity that can be achieved by showing that specific practices have been carried out. The TMM has five different achievable levels:

# Initial
# Phase Definition
# Integration
# Management / Measurement
# Optimization / defect Prevention and Quality Control

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Q. 84: What is the definition of TPI?

Developed by Koomen and Pol in 1997, the Test Process Improvement Model or ‘TPI’ was created with the goal of simplifying the sometimes over-complicated testing process. The TPI model itself identifies the good and bad parts of a testing process. The maturity of the process can also be assessed by using the TPI. The TPI consists of the following four components:

# A Maturity Model
# A Test Maturity Matrix
# A Checklist
# Improvement Suggestions

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Q. 85: What is a TPI Model?

The TPI model consists of three maturity levels and fourteen scales. The individual levels contain several different scales. The scales themselves provide indication of which key areas require improvement.

# Scales 1 to 5 focus on bring the testing process under control
# Scales 6 to 10 focus on establishing test process efficiency
# Scales 11 to 14 focus on test process optimisation

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Q. 86: What is a TPI - Test Maturity Matrix?

The TPI takes into account the different aspects of a test process, including design techniques, test tool usage and reporting. Structured evaluation of various key areas, highlights the test processes strengths and weaknesses. The state of a key area is determined by assigning a level to it, commonly A to B to C etc. The levels are increased based on time, cost and quality.

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Q. 87: What are the Requirements Testing Tools?

This type of tool is designed to assist with verification and validation of requirements, for example; consistency checking.

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Q. 88: What are the Static Analysis Tools?

By examining the code instead of running test cases through the code, this type of tool can provide information on the actual quality of the software. Cyclomatic complexity is one such characteristic that can be obtained by using this type of tool.

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Q. 89: What are the Test Design Tools?

This type of tool can generate test cases from specifications, which are normally stored in a CASE tool repository. Some variations of this type of tool can also generate test cases from analyzing the code itself.

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Q. 90: What are the Test Input Data Preparation Tools?

Data can be selected from existing test specific databases by using this type of tool. Advanced types of this tool can utilize a range of database and file formats.

Part -10 of Key Fundamental Terms

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