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ISTQB Advanced Test Manager Exam Preparation-Part 8

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ISTQB Advanced Test Manager Exam Preparation (Part 8)

Prior to appearing for exam for ISTQB certification, it is wise to quickly brush up your knowledge by reviewing the following testing related terms that are extremely important from examination point of view.

Part 8 of 12

Q. 71: What are Testing Standards?

Testing standards will detail how to perform the testing. Ideally, a testing standard should be referenced from a QA or Industry specific standard.

Example: BS7925-1, BS7925-2

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Q. 72: What is the Definition of Review?

Review: A process or meeting during which a work product, or set of work products, is presented to project personnel, managers, users or other interested parties for comment or approval. [IEEE]

A review should be performed when all of the supporting documentation is available. This can include design documents, requirements documents, standards documents, basically any documentation that has either been influential or is applicable to the document to be reviewed.

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Q. 73: What is Review Roles?

Organizations will commonly have different named roles than those listed below, but this will give you an idea of a commonly used set of roles used throughout the world.

# Manager
# Moderator
# Author
# Reviewer
# Scribe

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Q. 74: What is the Review Process Structure?

An example of a typical review process is below. This is probably the most documented review process you will find in the software development world, and is open to interpretation:

# Planning
# Kick-off
# Preparation
# Meeting
# Rework
# Follow-up
# Exit Criteria

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Q. 75: What is Incident Management?

We term an incident; any significant, unplanned event that occurs during testing that requires subsequent investigation and/or correction. The incident should be raised when the actual result differs from the expected result. After the inevitable investigation of the incident, there may be a reason other than a software fault, for example:

# Test environment incorrectly set up
# Incorrect Test Data used
# Incorrect Test Specification

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Q. 76: What is IEEE Std. 1044-1993?

This standard aims to provide a standard approach to classification of anomalies found in software. It includes descriptions of the processes involved in a software life cycle, including details on how anomalies should be recorded and subsequently processed. It consists of four sequential steps; Recognition, Investigation, Action, Disposition. Each of those steps has three administrative activities, which are; Recording, Classifying, Identifying Impact.

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Q. 77: What is the definition of Maturity Model?

A maturity model is basically a collection of elements that are structured in such a way that they can describe characteristics of processes and their effectiveness. A maturity model can provide:

# A starting point
# A shared vision
# A structure for organising actions
# Use of previous experience
# Value of improvements

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Q. 78: What is SEI Capability Maturity Model (CMMI)?

The Capability Maturity Model, simply put, is a baseline of practices that should be implemented in order to develop or maintain a product. The product can be completely software, or just partially software. The SW-CMM focuses on the software practices whereas with the CMMI, you may find both software and systems practices.

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Q. 79: What are the CMM Maturity Levels?

The CMM defines five maturity levels, which form the top-level structure of the CMM itself. Each level is basically a foundation that can be built upon to improve the process in sequence. Starting with basic management practices and progressing through successive proven levels.

# Initial
# Managed
# Defined
# Quantitatively Managed
# Optimizing

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Q. 80: What are the CMM Capability Levels?

The software process capability defines what can be achieved by undertaking a specific software process. It achieves this by describing the range of expected results.

There are six capability levels.

# Incomplete
# Performed
# Managed
# Defined
# Quantitatively Managed
# Optimizing

Read Part -9 of Key Fundamental Terms

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