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ISTQB Advanced CTAL Exam-Study Guide-Part 2

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ISTQB Advanced CTAL Exam-Study Guide-Part 2

Prior to appearing for exam for ISTQB Advanced Level certification, it is wise to quickly brush up your knowledge by reviewing the following questions Ė answers that are extremely important from the examination point of view.

Q. 11: What are Configuration audits?

Final acceptance of a software product is frequently based on completing a set of configuration audits. These audits ensure that the product has satisfactorily met all of its applicable requirements.

1) Functional Configuration Audit: The primary purpose of the Functional Configuration Audit is to ensure that the product that was tested to demonstrate compliance with contract requirements is essentially

the same as the product that will be delivered. Conducting software tests frequently takes months or even years, during which time the software item being tested may undergo revisions and modifications. The Functional Configuration Audit should ensure that none of these revisions adversely affects the results of previous tests.

2) Physical Configuration Audit:
The primary purpose of the Physical Configuration Audit is to ensure that all of the requirements of the contract have been satisfied, with special emphasis on the documentation and data delivery requirements. This audit usually is performed after the Functional Configuration Audit has demonstrated that the item functions properly.

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Q. 12: What are the activities covered under software Requirements Phase?

The activities and products of the software requirements phase should be examined throughout the conduct of this phase. This examination should evaluate the following:

# Software development plan
# Software standards and procedures manual
# Software configuration management plan
# Software quality program plan
# Software requirements specification
# Interface requirements specification
# Operational concept document

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Q. 13: What are the activities covered under software Preliminary Design phase?

The activities and products of the software preliminary design phase should be examined throughout the conduct of this phase. This examination should consist of the following evaluations:

# All revised program plans
# Software top level design document
# Software test plan
# Operatorís manual
# Userís manual
# Diagnostic manual
# Computer resources integrated support document

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Q. 14: What are the activities covered under software Detailed Design phase?

The activities and products of the software detailed design phase should be examined throughout the conduct of this phase. This examination should consist of the following evaluations:

# All revised program plans
# Software detailed design document
# Interface design document
# Database design document
# Software development files
# Unit test cases
# Integration test cases
# Software test description
# Software programmerís manual
# Firmware support manual
# All revised manuals
# Computer resources integrated support document

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Q. 15: What are the activities covered under the software Coding & Unit Testing phase?

The activities and products of the software coding & unit testing phase should be examined throughout the conduct of this phase. This examination should consist of the following evaluations:

# All revised program plans
# Source code
# Object code
# Software development folders
# Unit test procedures
# Unit test results
# All revised description documents
# Integration test procedures
# Software test procedure
# All revised manuals

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Q. 16: What are the activities covered under the Integration and Testing phase?

The activities and products of the integration & testing phase should be examined throughout the conduct of this phase. This examination should consist of the following evaluations:

# All revised program plans
# Integration test results
# All revised description documents
# Revised source code
# Revised object code
# Revised software development files
# Software test procedures
# All revised manuals

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Q. 17: What are the activities covered under the System Testing phase?

The activities and products of the system testing phase should be examined throughout the conduct of this phase. This examination should consist of the following evaluations:

#
All revised program plans
# System test report
# All revised description documents
# Revised source code
# Revised object code
# Revised software development files
# Software product specification
# Version description document
# All manuals

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Q. 18: What are the various types of evaluations for software product?

The following types of evaluations apply to almost every software product.

The software quality assurance program plan specifies which products are evaluated, and which evaluations are performed on those products.

# Adherence to required format and documentation standards
# Compliance with contractual requirements
# Internal consistency
# Understandability
# Traceability to indicated documents
# Consistency with indicated documents
# Appropriate requirements analysis, design, coding techniques used to prepare item
# Appropriate allocation of sizing, timing resources
# Adequate test coverage of requirements
# Testability of requirements
# Consistency between data definition and use
# Adequacy of test cases, test procedures
# Completeness of testing
# Completeness of regression testing

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Q. 19: What are the constituents of an effective error reporting system?

No matter what software engineering techniques are used, errors seem to be a fact of life. Maintaining an effective error reporting system, however will help minimize the potential impact of software errors. Every software development project should establish an error reporting system even if it consists of notes scribbled on the back of a napkin. It takes valuable resources to detect each error, but they are wasted if they must be used to locate an error that had been previously detected.

An effective error reporting system is the one that addresses the following areas.

1. Identification of Defect
2. Analysis of Defect
3. Correction of Defect
4. Implementation of Correction
5. Regression Testing
6. Categorization of Defect
7. Relationship to Development Phases

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Q. 20: How do we categorize defects?

Errors can frequently be grouped into categories, which will allow future data analysis of errors encountered. The most efficient time to categorize them is usually as they are resolved while the information is still fresh. Possible classifications for error categorization are

# Error type: Requirements, design, code, test, etc.

# Error priority:
No work around available, work around available, cosmetic.

# Error frequency:
Recurring, non-recurring.

Reference: Technical archive from SEI - Software Engineering Institute

Read Part -3 of the Study Guide

Full Study Material for ISTQB Test Analyst & Technical Test Analyst Exam

ISTQB Advanced CTAL Test Manager Exam - Full Crash Course for Download

Consolidated Study Material - All ISTQB Certification Exams

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