Glossary of Terms beginning Alphabet-Q
Qualification Testing is a formal testing, usually conducted by the developer for the consumer, to demonstrate that the software meets its specified requirements.
Quality is the degree to which a component, system or process meets specified requirements and/or user/customer needs and expectations. A product is considered a quality product if it is free from defects. From the perspective of a producer, a product is a quality product if it meets or conforms to the statement of requirements which defines the product. From perspective of the customer, quality means “fitness for use.”
Quality Assurance (QA):
Quality Assurance (QA) is a part of quality management focused on providing confidence that quality requirements will be fulfilled. It refers to all the planned or systematic actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a product or service is of the type and quality needed and expected by the customer. It deals with ‘prevention’ of defects in the product being developed. It is associated with a process. The set of support activities (including facilitation, training, measurement, and analysis) needed to provide adequate confidence that the processes are established and are continuously improved to produce products, which meet specifications and are fit for use.
Quality Attribute is a feature or characteristic that affects an item�s quality.
Quality Audit is a systematic and independent examination to determine whether quality activities and related results comply with planned arrangements and whether these arrangements are implemented effectively and are suitable to achieve objectives.
Quality Circle refers to a group of individuals with related interests that meet at regular intervals to consider problems or other matters related to the quality of outputs of a process and to the correction of problems or to the improvement of quality.
Quality Control (QC):
Quality Control (QC) refers to the operational techniques and the activities used to fulfill and verify requirements of quality. It involves activities focused on defect detection and its removal. Testing is a quality control activity
Quality Improvement is an activity aimed to change a production process so that the rate at which defective products (defects) are produced gets reduced. Some process changes may even require a change in the entire product itself.
Quality Management is that aspect of the overall management function which determines and implements the quality policy. It is a set of coordinated activities to direct and control an organization with regard to quality. Direction and control with regard to quality generally includes the establishment of the quality policy and quality objectives, quality planning, quality control, quality assurance and quality improvement.
Quality Policy refers to the overall intentions and direction of an organization as regards quality as formally expressed by top management.
Quality System refers to the organizational structure, responsibilities, procedures, processes, and resources for implementing quality management.
Explanation to All Alphabets in the Glossary of Terms