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ISTQB Advanced Test Manager Exam Preparation-Part 5

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ISTQB Advanced Test Manager Exam Preparation (Part 5)

Prior to appearing for exam for ISTQB certification, it is wise to quickly brush up your knowledge by reviewing the following testing related terms that are extremely important from examination point of view.

Part 5 of 12

Q. 41: What is a Phase Test Plan?

The specific details of the approach taken by the testing for a specific test phase is shown in this document. It can be thought of as being based on the project plan, but with greater amounts of detail included, such as testing activities based on day to day plan, or expected amounts of man hours to complete individual tasks.

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Q. 42: What is Risk Management?

Risk management comprises of the following three components:

# Risk Identification
# Risk Analysis
# Risk Mitigation

Risk management should be a consideration for everyone involved in the project.

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Q. 43: What is Risk Identification?

The following techniques can all be used to identify risks associated with products and projects. The list is by no means rigid, as many organizations will have there own techniques.

# Expert Interviews
# Independent Assessment
# Risk Templates
# Lessons Learned
# Risk Workshops
# Brainstorming and Checklists

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Q. 44: What is Risk Analysis?

It is simply ‘studying the identified risks’. A simple formula can be used to calculate risk:

Frequency (likelihood) X Severity (impact)

By using the above formula we can produce a figure, otherwise known as the ‘exposure’.

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Q. 45: What is Risk Mitigation?

Risk mitigation is simply the response to the analyzed risks. A choice must be made as what action should be carried out once a risk has been identified. Some possible choices could be:

# Do nothing
# Take preventative action (test it)
# Contingency plan (what we should do if the predicted fault actually occurs)

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Q. 46: What is Equivalence Partitioning?

What this method allows you to do is effectively partition the possible program inputs. For each of the above input fields, it should not matter which values are entered as long as they are within the correct range and of the correct type.

So the point of equivalence portioning is to reduce the amount of testing by choosing a small selection of the possible values to be tested, as the program will handle them in the same way.

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Q. 47: What is Boundary Value Analysis?

By the use of equivalence partitioning, a tester can perform effective testing without testing every possible value. This method can be enhanced further by another method called ‘Boundary Value Analysis’. After time, an experienced Tester will be often realize that problems can occur at the boundaries of the input and output spaces. When testing only a small amount of possible values, the minimum and maximum possible values should be amongst the first items to be tested.

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Q. 48: What is Classification Tree?

The classification tree method is also known as a decision tree method and the terms can be used interchangeably as they mean the same thing. A decision tree can be learned by splitting the source set into subsets based on an attribute value test. This process is repeated on each subset in a recursively. The recursion is completed when splitting is either not possible, or a single classification can be applied to each element of the subset

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Q. 49: What is State Transition Testing?

This type of Black-box testing is based on the concept of ‘states’ and ‘finite-states’, and is based on the tester being able to view the software’s states, transition between states, and what will trigger a state change. Test cases can then be designed to execute the state changes.

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Q. 50: What is Statement Testing?

This testing method involves using a model of the source code, which identifies statements. These statements are the categorized as being either ‘executable’ or ‘non-executable’. In order to use this method, the input to each component must be identified. Also, each test case must be able to identify each individual statement. Lastly, the expected outcome of each test case must be clearly defined.

Part -6 of Key Fundamental Terms

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