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ISTQB Advanced Level Test Analyst and Technical Test Analyst Exam-Sample Paper-Q 171 to 180

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ISTQB Advanced Level Test Analyst & Technical Test Analyst Exam - Sample Paper: Q. 171 to 180

Deep study of this additional set of 120 questions recently uploaded shall be of great help in getting success in ISTQB CTAL Advanced Level Test Analyst & Technical Test Analyst Exam. All these questions are based upon ISTQB Certified Tester Advanced Level Syllabus V 2007.

Set of 10 Questions (Q. 171 to 180)

Correct Answers of earlier Q. 161 to 170 are at the end of this page:


Q. 171: You are testing a computerized gas pump that allows users to pay using credit cards. The pump is initially in the waiting-for-customer state. A transaction is initiated when a customer first inserts

a credit card. Four types of cards are accepted: Visa, MasterCard, Discover, and American Express. The pump will reject any other type of card. If given an accepted credit card, the pump validates the card. If the card is valid, the pump is turned on and the customer is told to begin pumping gas. The pump remains on until the transaction ends. The transaction ends when one of the following events occurs:

# Pump handle is returned to pump

# Amount reaches transaction limit for card

# No gas is pumped within two minutes of validation of card

# The station attendant throws the emergency shut-off switch Once the transaction ends, the pump processes the transaction, charging the credit card and producing a receipt. It then returns to the waiting-for-customer state.

The following state transition diagram applies for the pump.



Assume a test always starts and may only end in the waiting for-customer state, a test must end after a transaction-ending event, and a test input consists of (initial state, event[condition], next state, event[condition], ..., event[condition], initial state). Design tests covering every unique sequence of up to four states/ three events. How many tests are needed for this level of coverage?

A. 2
B. 7
C. 14
D. 26

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 172: Select the matching pair;

I. Contractual Review
II. Requirement Review
III. Design Review

a. Involve Managers, customers and technical staff.  Reviewing contract milestones.

b. Involve customers and technical staff. Review design solutions, test cases.

c. Involve auditor. Review compliance to processes and regulations.

d. Involve customers and technical staff. Reviewing functional and non functional requirements, test conditions.

A. I-a, II-d, III-b
B. I-c, II-b, III-a
C. I-a, II-b, III-c
D. I-b, II-c, III-d

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 173: Your organization instituted requirements and design reviews for all projects 18 months ago. Reviews are still happening, are effective when they do occur, and data from the reviews is being used to locate other process improvement opportunities. However, you notice that only less critical projects manage to hold reviews for requirements and design documents. Ironically, the more business-critical projects are skipping some or all reviews and losing out on the schedule and quality benefits. Typically, as the schedule pressures build up on a project, fewer reviews are carried out, compounding schedule problems later when more bugs are discovered during system test.

Which of the following common causes of review failure is most likely at work in this scenario?

A. Insufficient training for the reviewers.
B. No continuous improvement from reviews.
C. Resistance by staff to the chosen review procedures.
D. Insufficient time scheduled for reviews in critical projects.

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 174: Suppose you are testing a banking system using real customer data. You are an employee of the bank and bound by complete confidentiality rules. Some of the bank's customers are your neighbors. One of them lives in a very nice house. During a test, you discover that this neighbor is seeking bankruptcy protection. Which of the following statements is true?

A. You can tell anyone you'd like about this, as it's a matter of public record.

B. You can tell your spouse about this but not your friends or other relatives.

C. You can't tell anyone, but you can take advance steps to buy his house quickly if he defaults on his home loan.

D. You may not use or reveal that information for any purpose

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 175: Assume you want to test pairwise combinations of configuration options for a browser-based application. The application will support the following operating systems: Windows XP, Windows Vista, Linux, and Mac. The application will support the following browsers: Internet Explorer (latest version), Internet Explorer (previous version), Firefox (latest version), Firefox (previous version), and Opera (latest version only). The application must work at dial-up and broadband speeds.

Which of the following describes an orthogonal array upon which this testing problem can be mapped?

A. Three columns, five numbers per column, ten rows.
B. Four columns, four numbers per column, sixteen rows.
C. Five columns, five numbers per column, twenty-five rows.
D. Seven columns, six numbers per column, forty-two rows.

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 176: You are testing a computerized gas pump that allows users to pay using credit cards. Four types of cards are accepted. Visa, Mastercard, Discover, and American Express. The pump will reject any other type of card. If given an accepted credit card, the pump validates the card. If the card is valid, the pump is turned on and the customer is told to begin pumping gas. The pump remains on until the transaction ends. The transaction ends when one of the following events occurs:

# Pump handle is returned to pump

# Amount reaches transaction limit for card

# No gas is pumped within two minutes of validation of card

# Emergency shut-off switch is thrown by the station attendant

Assume that a test is consists of a triple set of values, (card type, card validity, transaction ending). Design the minimum number of tests needed to cover all the equivalence partitions for each card brand, including both valid and invalid cards of each accepted type, along with covering each equivalence partition for transaction endings.

How many tests do you need?

A. 4
B. 5
C. 9
D. 17

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 177: Which of the following statements is true?

A. Use case tests have formal coverage criteria
B. Use case tests do not cover abnormal situations
C. Use case tests translate easily into logical tests
D. Use case tests never cover equivalent decision tables

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 178: Which of the statement are true about risk based testing;

I. All risks have equal weights / concerns.

II. The level of risk is influenced by likelihood of the risk and impact of the risk.

III. All risks must be mitigated.

IV. Main developer quitting, during the coding phase of the project can be a project risk.

A. I and II true
B. I and III true
C. II and IV true
D. III and IV true

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 179: You are testing a computerized gas pump that allows users to pay using credit cards. Consider the following excerpt from the quality risk analysis document.

Quality Risk Item

Likelihood

Impact Priority

Does not accept supported credit card

Very Low

High Medium

Does not issue receipt

Very Low

Low Low

Does not charge correct amount to card

Low

High High

Which of the following statements is true?

A. Testing the accuracy of the transaction should happen first.

B. Testing the supported credit card types should receive the most effort.

C. Testing of receipt issuance should be included in all transaction accuracy test cases.

D. Testing of supported credit card types should be included in all transaction accuracy test cases.

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 180: Which of the following standard is a British standard for software component testing?

A. ISO 12207
B. IEEE 829
C. BS-7925-2
D. RTCA DO - 178B/ED 12B

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Correct Answers to the Earlier Questions - Q. 161 to Q 170 are as under:

Question No.

Correct Answer

Q. 161

D

Q. 162

C

Q. 163

A

Q. 164

C

Q. 165

D

Q. 166

C

Q. 167

A

Q. 168

C

Q. 169

D

Q. 170

D

 

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