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How to Quickly Classify Different Software Testing Techniques
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How to Quickly Classify Different Software Testing Techniques

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How to Quickly Classify Different Software Testing Techniques

Testing techniques are groups of inter-related procedures responsible for producing the desired test deliverables.

Industry experts have prescribed many classification schemes for software testing according to six fundamental types like:

1) Manual Testing
2) Automated Testing
3) Static Testing
4) Dynamic Testing
5) Functional Testing or Black-Box Testing
6) Structural Testing or White-Box Testing

Popular software testing techniques classified alphabetically are given below:

Testing Technique

Manual

face=Arial color=#000080 size=2>

Auto - mated

Static

Dynamic

Black Box

White Box

Basis Path Testing

 

Y

 

Y

 

Y

Black-Box Testing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Bottom-Up Testing

 

Y

 

Y

 

Y

Boundary Value Testing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Branch / Condition Coverage

 

Y

 

Y

 

Y

Branch Coverage Testing

 

Y

 

Y

 

Y

Cause-Effect Graphing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Condition Coverage Testing

 

Y

 

Y

 

Y

CRUD Testing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Database Testing

 

Y

 

Y

 

Y

Decision Tables

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Desk Checking

Y

   

Y

 

Y

Equivalence Partitioning

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Exception Testing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Free Form Testing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Gray - Box Testing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

Y

Histograms

Y

     

Y

 

Inspections

Y

 

Y

 

Y

Y

JADs

Y

     

Y

Y

Orthogonal Array Testing

Y

 

Y

 

Y

 

Pareto Analysis

Y

     

Y

 

Positive and Negative Testing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Prior Defect History Testing

Y

 

Y

 

Y

 

Prototyping

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Random Testing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Range Testing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Regression Testing

     

Y

Y

 

Risk-Based Testing

Y

 

Y

 

Y

 

Run Charts

Y

 

Y

 

Y

 

Sandwich Testing

 

Y

 

Y

 

Y

Statement Coverage Testing

 

Y

 

Y

 

Y

State Transition Testing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

 

Statistical Profile Testing

Y

 

Y

 

Y

 

Structured Walkthroughs

Y

   

Y

Y

Y

Syntax Testing

 

Y

Y

Y

Y

 

Table Testing

 

Y

 

Y

 

Y

Thread Testing

 

Y

 

Y

 

Y

Top - Down Testing

 

Y

 

Y

Y

Y

White-Box Testing

 

Y

 

Y

 

Y


Brief Description of each of the above testing technique is as under:

1) Basis Path Testing: Identifying tests based on flow and paths of a program or system

2) Black-Box Testing: Test cases generated based on the system’s functionality

3) Bottom-Up Testing: Integrating modules or programs starting from the bottom

4) Boundary Value Testing: Test cases generated from boundary values of equivalence classes

5) Branch / Condition Coverage Testing: Verify each condition in a decision takes on all possible outcomes at least once

6) Branch Coverage Testing: Verify each branch has true and false outcomes at least once

7) Cause-Effect Graphing: Mapping multiple simultaneous inputs which may affect others to identify their conditions to test

8) Condition Coverage Testing: Verify that each condition in a decision takes on all possible outcomes at least once

9) CRUD Testing: Build CRUD matrix and test all objectcreations, reads, updates, and deletions

10) Database Testing: Check the integrity of database field values

11) Decision Tables: Table showing the decision criteria and the respective actions

12) Desk Checking: Developer reviews code for accuracy

13) Equivalence Partitioning: Each input condition partitioned into two or more groups. Test cases are generated from representative valid and invalid classes

14) Exception Testing: Identify error messages and exception handling processes and conditions that trigger them

15) Free Form Testing: Ad hoc or brainstorming using intuition to define test cases

16) Gray-Box Testing: A combination of black-box and white-box testing to take advantage of both

17) Histograms: A graphical representation of measured values organized according to the frequency of occurrence used to pinpoint hot spots

18) Inspections: Formal peer review that uses checklists, entry criteria, and exit criteria

19) JADs: Technique that brings users and developers together to jointly design systems in facilitated sessions

20) Orthogonal Array Testing: Mathematical technique to determine which variations of parameters need to be tested

21) Pareto Analysis: Analyze defect patterns to identify causes and sources

22) Positive and Negative Testing: Test the positive and negative values for all inputs

23) Prior Defect History Testing: Test cases are created or rerun for every defect found in prior tests of the system

24) Prototyping: General approach to gather data from users by building and demonstrating to them some part of a potential application

25) Random Testing: Technique involving random selection from a specific set of input values where any value is as likely as any other

26) Range Testing: For each input identifies the range over which the system behavior should be the same

27) Regression Testing: Tests a system in light of changes made during a development spiral, debugging, maintenance, or the development of a new release

28) Risk-Based Testing: Measure the degree of business risk in a system to improve testing

29) Run Charts: A graphical representation of how a quality characteristic varies with time

30) Sandwich Testing: Integrating modules or programs from the top and bottom simultaneously

31) Statement Coverage Testing: Every statement in a program is executed at least once

32) State Transition Testing: Technique in which the states of a system are first identified and then test cases are written to test the triggers to cause a transition from one condition to another state

33) Statistical Profile Testing: Statistical techniques are used to develop a usage profile of the system that helps define transaction paths, conditions, functions, and data tables

34) Structured Walkthroughs: A technique for conducting a meeting at which project participants examine a work product for errors

35) Syntax Testing: Data-driven technique to test combinations of input syntax

36) Table Testing: Test access, security, and data integrity of table entries

37) Thread Testing: Combining individual units into threads of functionality which together accomplish a function or set of functions

38) Top-Down Testing: Integrating modules or programs starting from the top

39) White-Box Testing: Test cases are defined by examining the paths of logic of a system

References:
1) The Art of Software Testing - Myers, Glenford J.
2) Software Testing & Continuous Quality Improvement – W E Lewis

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